A Teaching Guide for Introducing Braille to Kids
by Marjorie Troughton
Appreciation is expressed to the National Literacy Secretariat of the Government of Canada and the Canadian National Institute for the Blind for their financial assistance for this project.
Copyright 1992 by Marjorie Troughton, All rights reserved.
Grade One Braille uses raised dot patterns to represent the letters of the alphabet, punctuation marks, numbers and some composition signs which are unique to braille. Grade Two Braille adds many contractions and short form words.
The official terms used by the International Council on English Braille are Grade One Braille and Grade Two Braille. However, for variety and for ease of reading and understanding the following terms will also be used to refer to Grade One — alphabetic or uncontracted and Grade Two may be referred to as contracted.
GRADE ONE BRAILLE = ALPHABETIC BRAILLE = UNCONTRACTED BRAILLE
GRADE TWO BRAILLE = CONTRACTED BRAILLE