Chapter Nine – Braille Code Books

ABC’s of Braille B.M. Krebs 1979 A.P.H. 62 pages + separate teacher’s Manual

Beside braille page is a print page (with characters marked) so that person learning braille could get help from sighted person who does not know braille.
Each new lesson has new characters for that lesson written out in braille (e. g. acr across) so that student could go on to next lesson independently instead of waiting until instructor returns.
There are drill words and sentences for each new lesson. Some of the sentences are artificial and some of the stories are quite juvenile.
Punctuation, lines close together and indented paragraphs are all introduced too soon for many students.
Book is useful for some teenagers and other people who need an easier vocabulary.

Braille in Brief B.M. Krebs 1982 A.P.H. 53 pages + separate teacher’s Manual + separate pocket sized booklet listing characters
The layout is the same as for ABC’s of braille. Sentences contain more advanced vocabulary.
For most people it probably would be better not to use the first 5 pages which are jumbo braille since this usually hinders rather than helps because it encourages dot by dot discrimination.
This book is useful for adults having an extensive vocabulary.
Modern Methods of Teaching Braille 1970 A.P.H.

Book One – Kansas Braille Reading Readiness Book – 50 pages plus separate teacher’s manual.

Some students enjoy this book and benefit from it. Others do not like it because they are ready and are anxious to learn letters. Book involves exploration and identification of raised shapes. There is also identification and orientation to the Braille cell and spacial shapes including discrimination of likenesses and differences.

Book Two – Braille Reading Simplified – 46 pages plus separate teacher’s manual

There is much letter drill and word drill. Double spacing is used until page 29. Both are good points. There are numbered sentences rather than stories for earlier lessons which most people prefer.
Because there is no print page beside braille page and no braille explanations, an instructor would need to be present.

Braille Grade Two Drill Book LA, Wash 1952 (revised 1962) A.P.H. 41 pages

There is lots of practice with just letters and words, then with characters and words. Sentences and stories generally show a natural flow of language and mostly contain easier vocabulary.

Touch Reading J. Wise 1960 A.P.H. 2 vol. 180 pages. plus separate print edition.

This book gives vast amounts of practice using lists of words and sentences. It is an old book, no longer available. However, it is useful for those who need extra practice and prefer to read words and sentences rather than stories.

Smart Fingers E. Dales 1965 A.P.H. 27 pages

This book contains just short lines of the same letter repeated in an attempt to encourage quick movement across lines.

Braille Letter Drill M.S. Hooper 1979 A.P.H. 15 pages plus separate print edition

There are no characters used. All words are spelled out letter by letter. Good if more practice is needed for learning letters.

The Canadian Braille Text Book 1971 CNIB 4 vol. 140 pages

There is lots of practice for each letter. Grade I Braille is used at the beginning and characters are added only as they are introduced.

Getting in Touch with Reading – Grade I and Grade 2
M.M. Smith 1982 S.P.H. 3 vol. about 200 pages
In 3 ring blinder so that pages can be removed for reading or more pages can be added or pages can be changed. Same way of introducing characters as in The Canadian Braille Text Book. Useful for teaching Grade One or Grade Two Braille. Readings and stories contain practical suggestions and humour. Students enjoy learning braille with these books.

Braille Series 1960 A.P.H. 3 vol. 166 pages

Volumes I and 2 are in enlarged dot braille. This usually encourages dot by dot reading of letters and slows speed. Generally it is more of a hinderance than a help.

The Mangold Developmental Program of Tactile Perception and Braille Letter Recognition S. Mangold 1977
Exceptional Teaching Aids, 20102 Woodbine Ave., Castro Valley Ca. 94546
2 vol and separate teachers’s manual.

Claims to teach subskills needed for fast accurate recognition of braille letters (no characters are introduced). This is useful only if there can be daily lesson and daily timing of skills and use of precision teaching record charts. Games and rewards are used. Perhaps would be useful for younger students who are having difficulty and who like a rigid programmed approach.

The Braille Code – A Guide to Grade Three 1963 A.P.H. 61 pages plus separate teacher’s manual
Useful only for those who want to go beyond Grade 2 and have more rules and more contractions in their writing. Many people with superior ability prefer to use their own ideas for writing contractions. Grade 3 braille is used only for personal writing. There are no books printed in Grade 3 braille.

The Braille Code Recognition Kit A.P.H.

This is for sighted people wanting to learn braille. There are taped instructions and sheets to be marked. Students might get caught up in activity rather than learning but a few people like this approach.

Instruction Manual for Braille Transcribing M. Dorf
1984 Library of Congress – both print and braille editions, plus 1987 code changes addendum.
Plus supplement: Drills Reproduced in Braille A.P.H. 51 pages.

This manual is an effective teaching aid for both the braille code and the complexity of its rules. It tries to enlarge upon, clarify and illustrate the rules by applying them to typical problems.

Code of Braille Textbook Formats and Techniques 1977 (1982) A.P.H.

This manual is for those who are transcribing textbooks into braille. It contains rules, general principles and appendices for different types of text books.

English Braille American Edition AAWB/AEVH 1956 (revised 1970) (+1972 addendum) A.P.H. both print and braille editions.

This manual contains a definition of braille, the rules of braille, special formats, foreign languages and a list of typical and problem words. It is often used in conjunction with the Instruction Manual for Braille Transcribing and Mastering Literary Braille.

Mastering Literary Braille CNIB 1989

A comprehensive Canadian Course for braille transcribers. It has a cross-referenced index, clear examples, explicit instructions and a good order of presentation. The use of Canadian material adds local interest. An excellent reference manual.

Just Enough to Know Better National Braille Press

A print/braille book produced primarily for parents of blind children to help them understand and learn braille. Well presented.

Read Again APH 1991

This is a program designed to teach braille to people who were print readers before losing their vision. Part A involves tactual discrimination Parts B and C introduce Grade One. Parts D to I introduce contractions of Grade Two. There are both teacher and student editions.

English Braille Grade One ICEB 1991

This is a provisional international code for Grade One. It contains rules and examples for letters, numbers, composition signs and punctuation. It should be available in a few years.

Reading With Feeling. Ann V. Strauss, Oregon Commission for the Blind, 1988.

Book One introduces Grade One. Books Two, Three and Four introduce Grade Two. Letters, words, drills, reviews and common phonetic combinations allow student to improve skills at own pace.

A Handbook of Braille Contractions Harry Schuchman, American Brotherhood for the Blind, 1990.

This is a list of braille contractions with print beside in a book form.